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May, 2013:

Public Forum on Thermal Technology for Waste Management in Metropolises, to be held at the Convention and Exhibition Centre on May 7 2013

Clear the Air says:

A cynical person might ask why the above ENB presentation organisers have no plasma gasification industry players attending as invited panelists to make

their point in this public forum ? ( and we wonder who is paying the airfares and hotels for the 4 panel participants from overseas ?)

…. well anyone that really matters in that business will be in London’s World Waste to Energy City Summit 2013 May 8th – 9th and is also involved in the Webinar ‘Accelerating Biofuels Webinar: Waste Gasification to Aviation and Transport Fuels in the UK and US/Canada’ on May 7th 2013

……….ayaaah ! ………..what a coincidence ! (or was it ?)

America Square Conference Centre, London

08 May 2013 09 May 2013

The International Networking Forum for the Advanced Waste-To-Energy Industry

The 2nd World Waste to Energy City Summit explores the opportunities and challenges in integrating waste-to-energy into today’s cities, focusing on advanced conversion technologies for municipal and industrial waste.

NNFCC members receive a 20 per cent discount to this event

Meet NNFCC Here

FREE Online Webinar

07 May 2013

Free to attend webinar on advanced biofuels

Webinar hosted by Waste Management World discussing waste gasification to aviation and transport biofuels in the UK and US/Canada.

FE and NOVO Energy sign LOI for 3 plasma gasification facilities in South Africa

For additional information, contact: Joshua Morby, 414-791-9120,

MILWAUKEE, June 2, 2011 – Alliance Federated Energy (AFE) signs LOI with Novo Energy Pty. Ltd. in Johannesburg to build 3 plasma gasification based energy from waste facilities in South Africa. Under the terms of the agreement, Novo will co-develop the projects with AFE and purchase all the estimated 9-10 million MMBtu’s of syngas expected to be produced annually for their compressed gas vehicle program. The facilities are expected be built in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban.

About Alliance Federated Energy
Established in 2005, Alliance Federated Energy is a developer of renewable energy and related infrastructure projects focused on environmentally sustainable technologies, with a specific focus on plasma gasification technology to generate electric and thermal energy and bio-fuels.

About NOVO Energy Pty. Ltd.
NOVO Energy is a South African Energy and Technology Company which has established partnerships with leading international companies that supply alternative fuel technologies and services. This was born out of a need to offer cleaner and more affordable industrial and transportation fuel for the South African market. NOVO is active in Sub-Saharan African countries and provides a turnkey solution – from needs identification to full implementation and maintenance of installed equipment.

NOVO Energy is a level 3 BBBEE contributor. For more information, visit

See the following PG newslinks

Alliance Federated Energy Selects adaptiveARC as a Preferred Technology Provider
AFE is pleased to announce that it has selected adaptiveARC as a preferred technology provider.

Alliance Federated Energy Forms Strategic Relationship with CG Schmidt
AFE has announced that it has formed a strategic relationship with CG Schmidt, a construction management and general contracting firm.

AFE and NOVO Energy sign LOI for 3 plasma gasification facilities in South Africa
Under the terms of the agreement, Novo will co-develop the projects with AFE and purchase all the estimated 9-10 million MMBtu’s of syngas expected to be produced annually for their compressed gas vehicle program. The facilities are expected be built in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban.

Alliance Federated Energy and Air Products Announce Joint Development Agreement
Under the agreement, Air Products will act as AFE’s advisor on the design of Project Apollo, a $225 million
40MW renewable energy from waste project that will utilize plasma-gasification technology provided by AlterNRG of Calgary.

Statement on Signing of SB 273 Classifying Plasma Gasification as Renewable
Governor Doyle on Wednesday signed SB 273, the Renewable Resource Credits bill, which classifies plasma gasification technology as renewable under the state’s renewable portfolio standards. Wisconsin is the first state in the nation to explicitly classify plasma gasification as renewable.

Alliance Federated Energy Forms Strategic Relationships with CorVal-Ryan, AECOM, Badger Disposal
AFE has formed strategic relationships with CorVal-Ryan, AECOM, and Badger Disposal, which will provide engineering and construction services, environmental permitting and industrial waste integration services, respectively.

AFE to be Featured on CNN
The segment, hosted by reporter Bill Tucker, will highlight plasma gasification technology and AFE’s efforts to develop renewable energy projects.


Download :



Chinook Energy – News

Innovative Environmental Solutions Begins Construction on the World’s Largest Industrial-Waste Gasification & Advanced Recycling Facility in the UK’s West Midlands
June 20th, 2012



WEST MIDLANDS, England–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Innovative Environmental Solutions (IES) – a joint venture between European Metal Recycling (EMR) and Chinook Sciences Ltd – began construction in the UK’s West Midlands, the world’s largest End-Stage-Recycling® plant. The facility will process 350,000 tonnes per year of shredder residue from end of life vehicles and consumer goods by deploying new recycling techniques and Chinook Sciences’ state-of-the-art RODECS® recycling and gasification technology. The net result will be the production of 40 MWh of environmentally sustainable electricity and the recovery of over 190,000 tonnes of additional recycled materials in the form of plastics, glass, clean aggregates and metals.

“We are very pleased to have begun construction of the End-Stage-Recycling® facility at the West Midlands site”

When it comes to end of life vehicles the metals, which account for 75% of the total, can be relatively easily recovered, however the challenge of effectively recovering the non-metallic remainder represents a significant barrier to the UK increasing its recycling rate from around 85% currently to the 95% EU goal it must meet by 2015. IES’ deployment of Chinook Sciences’ RODECS® recycling and gasification technology will be integral to EMR’s ability to achieving this goal whilst at the same time displacing fossil fuel power generation, resulting in an estimated reduction of Carbon Dioxide emissions of 2 million tonnes. In addition to the West Midlands plant, IES has already gained planning permission at additional sites for similar facilities.

“The West Midlands facility is part of EMR’s commitment to the environment as well as providing a sector leading sustainable solution for end of life consumer goods,” said Chris Sheppard, CEO of EMR. He added, “EMR continue to be a company that takes the lead in developing and applying advanced technologies to ensure that we remain at the forefront of the recycling industry.”

“We are very pleased to have begun construction of the End-Stage-Recycling® facility at the West Midlands site,” said Dr. Rifat Chalabi, Chairman & CEO of Chinook Sciences. He added, “The facility will encompass the deployment of four of Chinook Sciences innovative RODECS® systems to ensure all valuables in the feedstock are recovered, including the energy rich organic materials that are ultimately the source of the electricity. The process is clean and efficient and will set a new benchmark for the recycling of end of life vehicles and consumer goods.”

About Chinook Sciences, LLC

Chinook Sciences, LLC, part of the Chinook Sciences group of companies, based in Cranford, New Jersey, was founded in 1998 and is the leading manufacturer and operator of advanced gasification technology. Its RODECS® gasification system, now in its ninth design generation, enjoys an unprecedented eleven-year track record of industrial commercial operation, with an unblemished environmental record. The RODECS® is capable of processing a wide range of organic-based waste streams including E-waste, MSW, and various industrial wastes. The system has been installed in 16 locations throughout the world, where it gasifies organic material without using incineration and fully recovers metals in its patented ACTIVE PYRO® process.

About European Metal Recycling

European Metal Recycling, Ltd. is a global leader in recycling. Based in Warrington, England, the company employs approximately 2,300 people and operates at 100 locations around the world. EMR’s core business is the recycling of metal-rich waste streams arising from end of life vehicles, consumer products, industry and construction resulting in sales of recycled commodities of around 10 million metric tons a year. In addition to the company’s extensive metal recycling operations, it also is rapidly expanding its activities in plastics and other materials. EMR produces more than 100 grades of recycled products, which are taken to market by its extensive road, rail and shipping network.


for Chinook Sciences, LLC
Harry Perry, +44 845 094 3001

Alter NRG Reports First Quarter 2013 Activities and Financial Results

2 May 2013

CALGARY, May 2, 2013 /CNW/ – (TSX – NRG; OTCQX – ANRGF) – Alter NRG Corp., (“Alter NRG” or the “Corporation”) is pleased to report on its corporate activities and financial results for the three month period ended March 31, 2013.

Selected excerpts:


• Sales of $4.4 million for the first quarter which is an increase over the first quarter of the prior year of 217%.  This reflects the emerging business plan supporting the Westinghouse Plasma Technology and revenues include sales income to three facilities under construction or commissioning as well as plasma torch sales to the China market and licensing fees from developers with emerging business plans.

• Executed on approximately 80% cumulatively to date of the $20 million purchase order from Air Products a US based Fortune 500 Company, which has previously announced its intention to build four additional advanced gasification facilities in the United Kingdom in the coming years.  On October 23, 2012 Air Products announced it is advancing a second project on adjacent lands in Tees Valley of the same size and configuration as the first project and has negotiated the power purchase agreement with the UK government.

•Wuhan Kaidi (“Kaidi”), who previously ordered engineering and torches, completed construction of its demonstration facility in China for which the Westinghouse Plasma Gasifier was commissioned during the first quarter of 2013.    The facility is expected to take 100 tonnes per day of biomass waste and convert it into liquid fuels.  Upon successful demonstration (expected in early 2013), Kaidi has more than 100 sites identified to take biomass and convert it into power and liquid fuels.

• Signed an agreement to provide $12 million of Westinghouse Plasma Torches to Beijing Huanyu Guanchuan Plasma Technology Ltd. (“GuanChuan”). During the first quarter of 2013, GuanChuan ordered the first four torches for an approximate $1 million order to be delivered in the second quarter of 2013.  GuanChuan is using the torches for their industrial furnace applications related to the steel and iron industry in China which is a promising growth market.

• Finalized scope with SMS Infrastructure (“SMS”) (who has already constructed two hazardous waste facilities utilizing Westinghouse Plasma technology) on two projects which have advanced into the formal regulatory approval phase.  These are the more advanced projects within a larger pipeline of projects which SMS is developing and marketing in India and the Middle East.  SMS is a licensee of the Westinghouse Plasma Gasification Technology and provides turnkey hazardous waste facilities to the market and has approximately 140 people in their gasification division.

• Supported a hazardous waste demonstration facility in Shanghai China being constructed by GTS Shanghai.    We have previously delivered the detailed engineering and torches, however, during the year they ordered additional equipment for their facility which will be delivered in 2013.   The facility is under construction and is expected to be commissioned in mid-2013.

• Advanced business development efforts with Waste2Tricity which announced an approximate 250 tonne per day project in England which began with the concept design study.  Business development has also advanced in the Thailand market with larger scale 1,000 tonne per day projects.  Waste2Tricity has a common shareholder with Alter NRG, Roman Abramovich, and is aggressively pursuing development opportunities including licensing for certain regions.

• Advanced project development with a developer, PGP Terminal a.s. (“PGPT”), which previously purchased site licenses in the Czech Republic and Slovakia for $4.375 million, with 10% being paid up front.  The developer has been working for several years on waste-to-energy projects and has a portfolio of projects that it is currently advancing in their home market. They expect to begin engineering on the first facilities in 2013 with the intention of ordering equipment in late 2013 or early 2014.

• Continued due diligence and financing efforts related to the Company’s investment options in current projects, to participate in the annuity cashflows of projects through a partnership structure with Alter NRG as the general partner.  Alter NRG has options to invest with key customers, including Air Products, which allow the Corporation to elect on the option after the project receives regulatory approval but without any promoted costs.  This is a favourable option for the Corporation as it does not have to deploy the risky development capital but can participate in the project level annuity cashflow after the project has been de-risked.

In addition to the highlights above, customers around the globe continue to advance their business development efforts using the Westinghouse Plasma Gasification Solution.  This includes exclusive license agreements for territories that are in advanced negotiations.


• Announced the closing of a financing with a strategic shareholder, Ervington Investments Limited (“Ervington”), which is a company that has Roman Abramovich, a wealthy Russian businessman, as its ultimate beneficial owner.  Ervington has complementary investments in the waste-to-energy space and has the potential to be part of a larger group that will consider participating in waste to energy projects. The financing, led by Ervington, was for 34.2 million shares at a price of $0.325 for a total investment of $11.1 million.


The first quarter of 2013 was about execution. In my previous CEO’s message I talked about how we have hit the tipping point with the world’s largest plasma gasification facility being constructed by Air Products. This is important and now we are 80% complete on our scope of the project. However, execution is equally as important for a Company forging forward with an innovative technology and this quarter we had some strong execution milestones, as follows:

• Delivering the main portion of the 950 tonne per day gasifier to Air Products. This was a major milestone for the Corporation and this large scale vessel is now being shipped to the site.

• Signing an agreement to sell $12 million of torches to China for usage in the steel industry, with the first $1 million being released in Q1. The steel industry is a significant emitter of pollution and our plasma torches provide an efficient and cleaner alternative. This market segment is attractive and has the potential for significant growth.

• Commissioning the gasifier for Kaidi in China. This is another reference facility that takes 100 tonnes per day of biomass waste and uses our gasifier to create syngas. The plant is designed to take the clean syngas produced from the Westinghouse Gasifier and convert it into liquid fuel (diesel). This is a high value end product that can further add to our ability to disrupt the market paradigm in waste-to-energy.

• Closing a financing with a strategic investor to bolster our balance sheet. Market penetration and infrastructure technology sales take time (often more than we would like) and a strong balance sheet shows the market we are strong, and here for the long haul.

Currently, there are three facilities under construction which shows we are penetrating the market. Each of our customers have broad business plans for multiple facilities and are deploying a lot of man hours, and resources on their first projects and the continued business development of their follow-on projects. The successful implementation of the first facilities will pave the road not only for our existing customers with facilities under construction but also for new customers that are watching. Reference facilities are key to executing our market penetration strategy and we have been actively involved in designing, training and managing these customer’s projects to support their success.

Part of the excitement of our product and market penetration capability is the multiple applications for our product. One facility under construction is 950 tonnes per day and turn household waste to electricity in England; another takes 100 tonnes per day of biomass waste and is designed to convert it into liquids fuels; the third takes 50 tonnes per day of hazardous waste and will convert it into electricity. Different feedstocks, different sizes and different outputs – but the same enabling Westinghouse plasma technology. Add this to the existing reference facilities that have also taken hazardous waste (50 different kinds), auto shredder residue, and sewage sludge and have also converted our syngas into ethanol and you have a lot of potential market applications. This leads to the excitement as each new reference facility has broad market implications for a clean and efficient energy conversion in a variety of applications.

Execution also continues related to our opportunities for co-investment into projects that are being developed by capable partners and have strong financial returns. As an innovative and paradigm changing technology, most developers welcome the core technology provider as a project owner. However, we are not the developer – that is a time-consuming and often expensive process best left to larger institutions and specialized local teams. We have options to invest along-side the developer once the projects have achieved their major commercial milestones including regulatory approvals. My history of financing energy projects tells me this is an area where we can add significant shareholder value.


Meeting of the Advisory Council on the Environment held on 30 December 2011 at 2:30 pm

Confirmed Minutes of the 183rd

Meeting of the Advisory Council on the Environment held on 30 December 2011 at 2:30 pm

In Attendance for Agenda Item 5:

Mr C W TSE, JP Assistant Director (Environmental Assessment), EPD

Mr Elvis AU, JP Assistant Director (Nature Conservation & Infrastructure Planning), EPD

Agenda Item 5 : Report on the 118th Environmental Impact Assessment Subcommittee Meeting (ACE Paper 19/2011)

47. The Chairman

informed Members that the paper reported on the recommendations of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Subcommittee

on the EIA report on “Development of Integrated Waste Management Facilities (IWMF) Phase 1” submitted by the Nature Conservation and Infrastructure

Planning Division of the Environmental Protection Department (EPD). The secretariat had received a total of 19 submissions in the weeks leading to the

Council meeting. They were mainly of two concerns: first on the choice of site for accommodating the facilities on an artificial island near Shek Kwu Chau

(SKC), the issue of which had been addressed at the Subcommittee meeting; and secondly about the choice of incineration technology, e.g. whether the plasma arc

gasification technology, which was claimed to be more efficient with lower construction cost by some of the submissions, should be adopted. To ensure all

Members were fully briefed on the latest developments in waste treatment technologies, he invited the project proponent to give a short briefing on the

technology issue before the meeting proceeded to discuss the report of the Subcommittee.

48. Mr Elvis Au

explained that the Council had been kept abreast of the selection of technology of the IWMF project as early as 2006. The first

technology review was conducted from 2002 to 2005 during which an expression of interest was called for, and 59 submissions from local and overseas companies

on all types of waste treatment technology for developing the IWMF, including gasification technology, were received. An advisory group comprising

representatives from different green groups, professionals, academics and business sectors was set up to advise on the selection of appropriate technology and site

selection criteria. The Council first discussed the technology issue in May 2006 upon the completion of the technology review. The Council had also visited a

number of incineration plants in Germany and the Netherlands in 2006 and produced a report which was available on the ACE website. A technology

review was conducted again from 2008 to 2009 for update on the latest development in waste treatment technologies and a paper on “IWMF Technology

Review and Associated Facilities” (re. ACE paper 22/2009 which the secretariat had tabled for Members’ reference) was presented to the Council in December

2009. Due consideration had been given to the plasma arc gasification technology which was covered in detail in the paper. The technology issue had

been fully discussed at that meeting in 2009. The major findings of the review at that time was that the plasma arc gasification technology was mainly used for

treating hazardous waste or low level radioactive waste, and its application in treating municipal solid waste (MSW) had been uncommon and on a small scale.

It was concluded that the plasma arc gasification technology was not suitable for the proposed IWMF development. The Council had no objection to the proposed

use of the moving grate incineration technology for the IWMF in 2009. Nevertheless, in view of comments from the public as well as a number of

submissions from the suppliers, EPD and their consultant had conducted another technology review recently. The previous findings and the conclusion that the

plasma arc gasification technology was not suitable for the IWMF were maintained. Experiences from a number of countries worldwide showed that the

moving grate incineration technology was still the well-proven technology widely used nowadays for large scale treatment of MSW. A number of new waste to

energy plants that had been commissioned since 2009 adopted moving grate incineration technology. EPD’s consultants had given a reply to the objectors on

their review of the plasma arc gasification technology, and had tabled the reply at the Subcommittee meeting on 5 December 2011 for Members’ reference.

49. A Member

sought clarification on the allegation that the consultant, AECOM, had been/would be awarded the Design-Build-and-Operate (DBO)

contract to construct the proposed IWMF near SKC. Mr Elvis Au explained that AECOM, through an open tender exercise, had been awarded the contract for the

preparatory work for the IWMF pre-qualification exercise. This consultant would be excluded from the DBO contract in future. The consultant would

tender independent advice to EPD on the design and technology for the IWMF project.

50. Noting that the consultant was commissioned by EPD and had actually started the preparatory planning work for the incineration plant at SKC,

the Member doubted its position in tendering objective opinion on the latest technology. A Member echoed this concern and enquired if it was appropriate

for EPD to engage the same consultant to prepare the pre-qualification documents and the EIA report before the Council had considered the report and the Director

of Environmental Protection (DEP) granted the environmental permit. Besides, AECOM’s views were in conflict with those expressed by its subsidiaries, ENSR,

which advocated the use of the plasma arc gasification technology for MSW treatment.

51. Mr Elvis Au reiterated that consideration of the choice of technology in fact was dated back to 2005 when an independent advisory group

and another consultant came up with the recommendation of the incineration technology after examining different technologies. The current consultant was

commissioned to conduct a review in 2008 to 2009 and came to the same conclusion. The findings were presented to and discussed at the Council in

2009. Recently, an open tender exercise had been conducted to engage a consultant for the pre-qualification preparatory work. He further explained that

same as most major development projects, it was common for different processes to proceed in parallel in consideration of the very tight time schedule. Such

preparatory work was necessary to facilitate the detailed planning and design. It should be noted that the actual construction work could not commence until the

EIA report had been approved and the necessary funding secured.

52. A Member opined that there had been rounds of long debates in the past years on MSW treatment without much headways made. The three landfills

were nearing their handling capacity. The Council should focus on the EIA report and discuss how best MSW treatment could be taken forward for the good

of the community.

53. In response to a Member ’s question that the consultant might have failed to tender its independent findings in respect of the technology review, Mr

Elvis Au explained that EPD did not solely rely on the consultant’s information. EPD had its own professional staff who did an independent research into the latest

technologies and discussed with professional bodies and counterparts outside Hong Kong. The consultant was expected to provide information on MSW

treatment technologies from different perspectives. The overall energy recovery rate was relatively low for the plasma arc gasification technology as it required a

lot of energy input for the gasification process. (CTA comment : this is simply incorrect)

54. A Member enquired why gasification was only applied for small plants. Mr Elvis Au explained that the gasification process was very complicated

and difficult to control. The scale of the plant had to be kept small for safety and management consideration.

55. A Member

asked if the gasification plant could be applied on a larger scale safely by scaling up its modules instead of the plant as a whole. In

response, Mr Elvis Au quoted the gas leakage and explosion incident in a scaled-up gasification plant in Germany back in around 1998, and Germany had

been phasing out the gasification technology since then. The incident suggested that scaling up of the gasification plant was risky.

(CTA comment:)

“Air Products is to build a second 350,000 tonne per year waste to energy plasma gasification facility on Teesside following the signing of a 20 year power purchase agreement with

the UK government’s Cabinet Office”

“EARLY START PLANNED FOR ENERGY PLANT WORK could start on a second Teesside energy-from-waste plant within a few months, bosses at Air Products have confirmed.”

In response to the Member ’s further enquiry, Mr Au replied that the proposed gasification plant in Shanghai which was planned to handle 100 tonnes of waste per day was a demonstration

project. The plant was still at the planning stage.

56. In response to a Member ’s enquiry on costs, Mr Elvis Au said that the operating cost of the plasma arc gasification technology was higher than that

of other technologies. A plasma arc gasification plant in Japan was planning to cease operation in 2013 due to various operational and financial problems. In

response to the Chairman ’s enquiry, Mr Au confirmed that according to the consultant’s and their own study, the moving grate incineration technology was

still the preferred technology for the IWMF.

57. The Chairman informed Members that discussion of the EIA report on the IWMF project would begin. At the request of a member and agreed by

the meeting, Mr Elvis Au stayed for the rest of the meeting to facilitate discussion of the project.

58. A Member declared that her company was involved in a consultancy service for the public engagement exercise related to the development of IWMF.

The meeting agreed that she should abstain from the meeting to avoid any potential conflict of interest as she did at the EIA Subcommittee meeting. She

left the meeting at this juncture.

ACE secretariat

January 2012

Westinghouse Plasma Gasification Technology

Legco Panel on Environmental Affairs 3rd May 2013

Dear Members,

Please find the latest self-explanatory information and web-links regarding plasma gasification of MSW, compared to incineration, attached herewith.

Whilst Hong Kong Government engages reverse gear and seeks to inflict stone age technology on a pristine Hong Kong environment, the forward thinking UK Government has embraced the

latest plasma gasification technology and ten major world airlines likewise.

Plasma gasification plants are modular: more MSW to handle = add another module. These plants are under construction now. The salient facts defeat the innuendo from

ENB’s Elvis AU who repeatedly states that plasma gasification could not handle Hong Kong’s waste problem, one that was exacerbated by ENB’s inaction to legislate recycling at source during the

tenure of the previous Administrations, which included Elvis AU and frequent flyer Edward Yau.

“Air Products is to build a second 350,000 tonne per year waste to energy plasma gasification facility on Teesside following the signing of a 20 year power purchase agreement with

the UK government’s Cabinet Office”

“EARLY START PLANNED FOR ENERGY PLANT WORK could start on a second Teesside energy-from-waste plant within a few months, bosses at Air Products have confirmed.”

British Airways’ Jet Biofuel Plant Will Open in 2015 Leon Kaye | December 6th, 2012

British Airways, Solena, Solena Fuels, biofuels, jet fuel, aviation fuel, GreenSky Project, Leon Kaye, Fischer-Tropsch, fluor, jet biofuel

British Airways and Solena will soon launch a $500m biofuel plant Yesterday, British Airways (BA) announced that it has found a site for a bio-refinery that will generate up to 50,000 tons of jet fuel annually. In a partnership with the American aviation biofuel company Solena Fuels, BA will invest approximately US$500 million in the plant, which will eventually provide the airline a steady source of jet fuel for a minimum of 10 years. The GreenSky Project, which will soon break ground and become fully operational in 2015, will allow Solena to produce up to 16 million gallons of jet fuel and 40 megawatts of power. The project would also score huge achievements on the waste diversion front: 500,000 tons of waste would become diverted from landfills annually and instead become a feedstock for BA’s new stream of jet fuel.

Ten major international airlines sign with Solena Fuels for carbon neutral bio jet fuel.

Recycling Waste Into Biofuel American Airlines has signed a letter of intent with Solena Fuels and is negotiating an agreement along with other major U.S. carriers to purchase biofuel made from recycled waste. This new biomass fuel source would be used on flights from San Francisco Bay Area airports including Oakland, San Jose and San Francisco. Solena’s Northern California biomass-to-liquids plant will produce up to 16 million gallons of jet fuel per year from 550,000 tons of recycled agricultural and urban waste.

Solena, SAS partner for aviation biofuels project at Stockholm Airport

Solena and SAS announced a partnership to develop a waste-to-jet fuel project at Arlanda Airport in Stockholm, with a goal of establishing similar projects in Denmark and Norway.

Solena Fuels sets biojet facility construction plan in motion

Solena Fuels expects to put in its planning application with the City of Gilroy for construction of its first biojet facility sometime within the coming year.

Alitalia signs with Solena for MSW-to-aviation fuels project

Alitalia has signed a deal with Solena—who is currently developing a biojet project with British Airways—to explore transforming MSW into biojet using the Fischer-Tropsch process

Qantas, Solena Group to partner in aviation biofuels effort

Qantas and Solena Group have announced that they expect to finalize a partnership in the next two weeks to determine the feasibility of a Fischer-Tropsch based biofuels plant in Australia

that will produce aviation biofuels from waste

Kind regards,

James Middleton


Download PDF : WPC_SoQ_March_2013_NDA_Not_Required_Final

Plasma Arc Technology

Download PDF : Solena_Group1A

China a green energy leader? Don’t make me laugh

Wednesday, 01 May, 2013, 12:00am


MONITOR tom_hollands_charts.jpg

Tom Holland

Read the praise heaped on Beijing by two recent reports, and you could believe the mainland is leading the world in environmental best practice

Did you know that China is the greenest country in the world?

I confess, it was news to me. And I am pretty sure it will come as news to the inhabitants of Beijing, where memories of January’s two-week toxic coal smog linger like a foul smell.

But if you were to judge by the breathy praise heaped on Beijing by a couple of recent reports, you could easily get the impression that China is leading the rest of the world into the clean, sunlit uplands of environmental best practice.

According to a paper co-authored by the environment movement aristocrat Tim Flannery and published this week by Australia’s Climate Commission, “China’s efforts demonstrate accelerating global leadership in tackling climate change”.

Quoting Premier Li Keqiang’s March declaration that “we shouldn’t pursue economic growth at the expense of the environment”, the report applauds Beijing’s emphasis on investing in clean energy.

It says that China has increased its wind power capacity 50 times over since 2005, while solar generating capacity shot up 75 per cent last year alone.

Meanwhile, in another report published two weeks ago, the Pew Charitable Trusts announced that “China is the world’s leader” in green technology, having invested US$65 billion in clean energy last year.

Thanks to all this investment, Pew says that China now boasts 152 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity, ahead of the United States with 133 gigawatts and the European Union with 128 gigawatts.

As a result, the Australian Climate Commission proclaims that today “China is reducing its emissions growth”.

Right, time for a reality check.

First, you will note that the Climate Commission does not say China is reducing its emissions, only that it is reducing its emissions growth.

In other words, China’s greenhouse gas emissions are still rising, just not quite as fast as before.

And as the first chart from the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency shows, up until 2011, they were climbing at a truly spectacular rate.

In 2011, China’s carbon-dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and cement rose by 820 million tonnes.

To put that into perspective, the mainland’s increase was as much as Germany’s total greenhouse gas emissions for the year, with Romania’s total thrown in for good measure.

Mainland energy demand did grow at a slower rate last year. But that is explained by Beijing’s attempts to cool investment, which moderated demand growth for energy intensive materials like aluminium and steel. With investment in property and infrastructure now picking up again, energy demand growth – and emissions growth – could well pick up again this year.

As for all Beijing’s investment in installing wind and solar power capacity, while it sounds exciting on paper, it is a lot less impressive in reality.

That is partly because installed capacity does not have much to do with actual power output. For example, according to figures from the China Electricity Council, last year there was only enough of a breeze to turn the country’s tens of thousands of wind turbines for 22 per cent of the time.

As a result, while Beijing has poured money into renewable capacity, as the second chart shows, over the first three months of this year, the country still generated more than 80 per cent of its electricity in coal-fired power stations.

Wind energy provided just 2 per cent of power output, while the contribution from solar power was negligible.

So although it may be encouraging that Beijing is investing in wind and solar power, the chance that those investments will contribute to any slowing of the mainland’s greenhouse emissions at any point in the foreseeable future is precisely zero. [1]


Environment of China


Green Power




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