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A New Technology for a New Green Power

Clear the Air says:

We had to correct his English (there instead of their  etc) so beware before you invest billions !

From: Kristine Cerny [mailto:alphawolff2@yahoo.com]

Sent: Friday, December 23, 2011 09:46

To: chair@cleartheair.org.hk

Subject: A New Technology for a New Green Power

Greetings;

OFFER OF INVENTION

An end to coal fired power plants. An end to nuclear power plants. An end to the Worlds need for oil itself. Electricity so cheap, so totally clean and so super abundant that a hydrogen/electric powered World is within our reach. Not a farfetched dream but US Patent Pending number 61/571,218. I have invented a device that is 100 times more efficient than today’s hydroelectric power generating technology. I have turned the World of Physics up-side-down making it. It is Technology so new that it doesn’t even have a classification. It is a simple, low tech answer to so many of our questions.

Sincerely;

Adrian F. Cerny

alphawolff2@yahoo.com

1 2 3 4 5

Could This Green Invention Stop Global Warming?   http://voices.yahoo.com/could-green-invention-stop-global-warming-10316831.html

Expensive Electricity and Oil Dependence Could Be a Thing of the Past

Adrian F. Cerny, Yahoo! Contributor Network  http://l.yimg.com/ck/image/A2042/2042637/300_2042637.0

Nov 7, 2011 “Share your voice on Yahoo! websites. Start Here.”

Are you as tired with all the goose-stepping, do as the scientists tell us to do, think as the scientists tell us to think, as I am? Can looking at the World upside-down help develop a very simple idea, too simple not to work, that can power the World in actuality? You decide.

Here you will find drawings and descriptions of my newest invention the ” Pneumatic-Electric Power

Generating System”. See if you can find the logic error in it, IF there is one that is. AFC

The purpose of this device is to generate electrical power by using the lifting power of air rising in water. My device acts like a hydroelectric power generator in that the deeper the water the more efficient the power output. But my device needs no dam or river or external water supply when an air compressor supplies the needed air.

Note: 1. An air bubble rises in water at about one (1) foot per second of time. 2. The lifting force of air rising in water is directly equal to the weight of the displaced water. Thus a one (1) cubic foot air bubble has the lifting force of one (1) cubic foot (62 pounds) of water. 3. As an air bubble rises in

water its volume increases due to a lowering of its surrounding water pressure.

The device works as follows:

The air compressor or air pump/regulator supplies the high-pressure air volume that the air pump-

regulator inserts into the air wheels air chambers. With the compressed air inside the air chambers

it begins to rise to the the surface of the water adding forces to the device. There might be hundreds of air chambers in operation simultaneously.

As this compressed air rises it expands due to the now lowering water pressure that surrounds it. The lifting power of air in water is directly related to its

volume of water displacement. As the air volume increases so too does its lifting force. The airs lifting forces will keep increasing until it reaches the

water’s surface or it is ejected from the device. These air chambers are affixed to a roller chain that is connected to wheels at both ends of

the airwheel loop, as shown. As the air chambers lift they force the wheels to rotate. This rotation is  then converted into electrical power.

Then these air chambers lose their air at the top of the airwheel and, now deflated and streamlined, travel downwards to be recharged with air at the air

pump-regulator to start the cycle all over again.

Page 1: shows a simple drawing of the airwheel next to a dam. As the drawing shows air is placed

into the air chambers at the bottom and this air adds upwards force to the device at an increasing

rate until it is dumped out near the top.

Page. 2: shows a frontal view of the airwheel and demonstrates the air expansion-lifting force

increase principle. As this drawing shows with a 700 foot tall Hoover Dam elevation airwheel an

insertion of one (1) cubic foot of air (62 lbs. lifting force) will expand to twenty (20) cubic of air

(1240 lbs lifting force) as it nears the surface where it is then ejected. These now empty and

collapsed air chambers return to the bottom to be recharged with air again to continue the cycle.

Note: There is a throttle for this machine in that more air can be injected into the air chambers at the beginning of its cycle. This will end up increasing the lifting power of the air chambers at an

accelerated rate. Example: If two (2) cubic feet of air were injected into the beginning of the device

in page 2, it would start out with 124 lbs. of lifting force and be “full” (1240 lbs) half way up. This

would add many thousands of extra pounds of lifting force to the device. A pressure relief valve

ensures that the air chambers are not damaged by over inflation.

Page 3, shows a close-up of a bellows style air chamber with rotating air nozzle head that inserts the air into the air chamber through the spring-loaded valve. This drawing shows the air valve section located in the middle of the support shafts with two opposing bellows style air chambers. As the drawing shows air is inserted into the air chambers at the lowest point of the airwheels cycle. The air pump-regulator rotates and is timed to the air chambers rotation.

The POWER of AIR ( 2 pages) is comparison of power output between my airwheel and today’s Hoover Dam. As it shows, even after subtracting 30% for drag, my machine is 146 times more

efficient!

US Patent Pending (61/571,218).

In conclusion I would like to add that unlike today’s hydroelectric power plants that only use the

power of high pressure water for fraction of a second and thus only transfer power to the water turbine wheels, for a fraction of a second, my device utilizes the lifting power of air from hundreds of air chambers for many minutes as its speed is optimal at approximately one foot rise per second of time. It is a slow RPM machine but it has the potential to POWER the WORLD!

AFC

Planned wind farm to use green technology

South China Morning Post – 6 Sept. 2011

CLP Power says its Clear Water Bay windmills will be built without harmful dredging of the seabed.

An eco-friendly technology which allows building offshore windmills without dredging the seabed will be used for the first time in Hong Kong by CLP Power (SEHK: 0002), which plans to spend HK$70 million to put up a data mast off Clear Water Bay to collect necessary information for its future sea-based wind farm.

The data mast – powered by solar panels – will be installed by the middle of next year, and collect data on wind speed, wave temperature, relative humidity and air pressure. The power producer says this information is crucial to the proposed 200MW wind farm with up to 67 turbines, to be erected about 9 kilometres off Clear Water Bay no later than 2016.

CLP said they would use a new method known as suction caisson technology to build the data mast. The technology is unique to oil drilling and has never been used in offshore wind farms. It allows engineers to build the mast and avoid any dredging or drilling of the seabed, reducing damage to the environment.

The technology, though more expensive than conventional dredging, will sink the foundation of the mast down to 30 metres below the soft mud seabed by using water pressure. It takes about two days to complete the process if weather conditions allow. If the data-mast construction is successful, the same technology will be used to build the windmills.

But critics of the project yesterday said no matter what construction method was used, the offshore wind farm would have only a “negligible” positive impact, at the expense of spoiling a region tipped to be listed soon as a global geopark.

“It is going to spoil the wilderness of the area and may affect a future reassessment of the region, even after it is selected as a world geopark,” said Young Ng Chun-yeong, who is from a concern group against the project.

An international panel of experts has visited Hong Kong to study the proposed world park. It has an estimated size of 50 square kilometres, including the sea area close to the planned wind farm. A decision by the global geopark network on the listing will be announced shortly.

Lo Pak-cheong, corporate development director of CLP, said no commercial decision had been made on the wind farm, as more data was needed to determine the layout of the farm and the size of the turbines.

“If the results are not satisfactory, we might end up slashing the scale, making some adjustments to our plan or even looking for other possibilities,” said Lo, adding that government approval was still needed.

Lo said the data could help decide if the turbines would be 125 metres or 150 metres tall. Opponents of the project are concerned about the visual impact of the turbines.

Lo said the total cost of building the wind farms would be between HK$5 billion and HK$7 billion, depending on the number of turbines and their size.

While the power firm is entitled to enjoy an 11 per cent return on the investment, which is higher than the 9.9 per cent of other power generation assets, electricity users would pay two per cent more on their power tariff.

CLP Power started to study the feasibility of an offshore wind farm in 2006, and an environmental impact assessment has been completed and was endorsed by the government in 2009. But the firm has yet to submit a detailed business plan for the Environment Bureau to approve.

The wind farm is expected to satisfy the power demands of 80,000 households, and reduce carbon emissions by up to 300,000 tonnes a year.

But the projects’ opponents said that reduction was meagre compared to the total investment.

A spokeswoman for CLP said last night that they had regular communications with stakeholders, and had heard no adverse comments about the mast installation.

Apart from CLP Power, Hongkong Electric (SEHK: 0006) – a subsidiary of Power Assets Holding – is proposing to build a 100MW offshore wind farm southwest of Lamma Island.

chifai.cheung@scmp.com

Wind charges blow

Hong Kong Standard – 6 Sept. 2011

CLP Power said its tariffs will rise 2 percent if it goes ahead with a plan to build a multibillion-dollar wind farm in Sai Kung by 2016.

The farm, which could cost between HK$5 billion and HK$7 billion, will provide electricity for around 80,000 standard households of four members each.

“The farm can improve air quality as it will save 300,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide from being emitted annually,” corporate development director Lo Pak- cheong said.

“But renewable and clean energy is not cheap. Inevitably, we will have to pay more.”

CLP said the farm would have up to 67 turbines, each generating three megawatts of electricity, or 40 turbines of five MW each. It will be located nine kilometers from the Clearwater Bay peninsula and produce 200 MW of electricity a year. The total area is about 16 square kilometers.

Although located near Sai Kung, a spokeswoman said, electricity generated will not serve nearby residents. Instead it will enter the CLP electricity grid.

Project manager John Chan Kwan- wing said the site was selected to avoid the habitat of dolphins and undersea cables, and to minimize the impact on fishing.

CLP is also planning to install a mast in the southeastern waters of Hong Kong next year to collect data such as wind speed, waves, temperature, relative humidity and air pressure.

Chan said the mast will be installed by “suction caisson” which reduces dredging and piling, making CLP the first to apply this technology in Hong Kong.

He said the decision to use this technology is because of the unfavorably soft seabed. The installation cost of the mast is about HK$7 million.

Lo said there are challenges. For safety reasons, marine work has to be carried out when sea conditions are stable – between April and September.

“Unfortunately this coincides with the typhoon season,” said Lo, adding it is therefore important to accurately assess the weather and sea conditions.

Hongkong Electric earlier announced 28 to 35 wind energy generators in the southwest Lamma Channel. The offshore wind farm project is scheduled for completion by 2015.

Prototype Solar Power-Assist for Buses

solar powered busFirst published: March 10, 2010

Source: Alternative Energy News

Sunpods Inc. is California-based manufacturing company. They produce modular, fully integrated and tested solar power generation systems. Recently they have come out with an idea of the first solar power-assist system for buses. They should be applauded for developing it in a mere six weeks. Their partner is Bauer Intelligent Transportation. The system developed by Sunpods will help Bauer to meet strict anti-pollution standards laid down by the State of California. California state law since 2008 has disallowed diesel vehicles to remain idle for more than five minutes. Now more than 25 states across the United States have anti-idling laws.

Gary Bauer, founder and owner of Bauer’s Intelligent Transportation says, “We support the state’s strong commitment to reducing pollution. At the same time, as a transportation provider, we wanted to meet our customers’ requirements for comfort and connectivity. SunPods was able to make our vision a reality in less than 6 weeks. We’ve been testing the bus for the past 4 weeks and we’re impressed with the reliable performance.”
(more…)

Clean burning bio-diesel source under our noses

SCMP, Eric Ng, 2010-2-20

Every day hundreds of tonnes of waste cooking oil, grease and animal fat are discarded by Hong Kong’s 20,000-plus restaurants. The real waste is that it could be used as clean fuel in the city’s vehicles.

Some of the oil and fat is illegally smuggled to the mainland to be recycled as cooking oil, consumption of which is known to raise the risk of heart disease and cancer. But most of the material ends up in landfills.

Waste oil and fat can be processed into bio-diesel, a fuel that is cleaner burning than fossil fuel diesel, with no sulphur and much lower carbon gases and particulate emissions.

In Europe and the United States, government support has resulted in a vibrant bio-diesel industry, with most of the feedstock coming from plant oil, waste cooking oil and animal fat. But Hong Kong’s government is dragging its feet on similar measures, despite the fact bio-diesel could help improve the city’s dire air quality.

Germany requires diesel sold in the country to contain at least 4.4 per cent bio-diesel. In Spain, the ratio is 3.9 per cent and 7 per cent in France.

Other than a duty-free policy on bio-diesel and a new law passed last month stipulating the quality of bio-diesel, the Hong Kong government has yet to push through more aggressive policies to spur bio-diesel consumption.

The legislation, to take effect on July 1, requires bio-diesel sold on the market to comply with European EN 14214 standards. The statute aims to shore up consumer confidence and clamp down on illicit product.

But critics say more needs to be done by the government. One key measure needed is the mandatory blending of bio-diesel with fossil fuel diesel, something that has already been adopted in Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Thailand. The government also needs to mandate the use of bio-diesel in its own fleet of vehicles.

Despite the lack of local government support, the allure of future profits has attracted investors to the nascent industry. Several bio-diesel plants have already been built.

The biggest drawcard is Hong Kong’s hefty tax on fossil fuel, a hands-off policy on fuel pricing and the duty exemption on bio-diesel. That leaves plenty of profit margin for the clean fuel’s producers, provided they can get sufficient feedstock and open up sales channels.

In many developing nations, government fuel price controls leave less room for profits from bio-diesel.

Sha Tin-based Dynamic Progress International was the first company in Hong Kong to set up a bio-diesel plant two years ago. The company, 51 per cent-owned by listed electronics products maker Alltronics Holdings, started operating its plant in the government-built waste recycling EcoPark in Tuen Mun in September 2007.

Alltronics chairman Lam Yin-kee said that the plant had the capacity to produce around 16,500 tonnes of bio-diesel a year, a fraction of the around 4.5 million tonnes of diesel fuel consumed in Hong Kong annually.

The company in 2008 counted Kwai Fong’s Metro Plaza shopping mall and New Town Plaza in Sha Tin among its first sources of waste cooking oil, and supplies bio-diesel to two construction firms.

Dynamic executive director Steve Choi declined to provide updates on the plant’s utilisation and sales figures, or its sources of material and clients. He said he did not want his rivals to know about his business secrets, but added that the government can do more to promote bio-diesel usage.

According to Alltronics’ financial statements, the bio-diesel plant’s sales amounted to HK$207,000 in 2008. In last year’s first-half, it recorded sales of HK$1.08 million and an operating loss of HK$5.41 million.

Choi said instead of going through the time-consuming legislation process, it would be more efficient for the government to use other methods to promote the industry. That could include giving fuel distributors that blend bio-diesel into their fossil fuel diesel higher priority in winning tenders to operate fuel stations.

“The government doesn’t need to do a lot, just administrative measures can do the trick … we don’t need legislation,” he said. “We have already waited six years for the bill on  <147,1,0>bio-diesel quality specification to go through the Legislative Council … how many decades are there in one’s lifetime?”

A spokeswoman for the Environmental Protection Bureau said blending more than 5 per cent of bio-diesel into fossil fuel diesel could result in “incompatibility problems” in car engine components.

“That is why we need time to develop a well balanced regulatory framework involving consultation with relevant stakeholders including bio-diesel suppliers, oil companies, vehicle suppliers and the transport trades as well as the environmental affairs panel of the Legislative Council,” she said.

The government was exploring ways to promote the use of bio-diesel in Hong Kong, she said, with the first step being to promote diesel containing up to 5 per cent bio-diesel in the government vehicle fleet.

“The EPD is consulting various departments on the compatibility of their fleet and plants/machines with [such diesel],” she added.

Andrew Kwan Ming-tak, chief executive of Champway Technology – Dynamic’s rival in the EcoPark – said the government’s classification of bio-diesel as a dangerous good had hampered its sales in the mass consumer market.

This means it can only be distributed in places that meet fire safety standards such as petrol stations, which require investment of over HK$100 million each to build.

Given Hong Kong’s vehicle fuel market is dominated by four big oil companies, and there is a lack of mandatory bio-diesel blending, there is little incentive for people to buy bio-diesel.

“While sales to large transportation companies with big fleets of vehicles are possible, since they buy diesel in bulk over long term contracts at hefty discounts from oil firms, it is difficult for small bio-diesel producers like us to compete on price,” Kwan said.

Champway hopes to obtain all of the more than 10 government licences and permits needed to start up its bio-diesel plant next month, with a goal to break even in three years. The project is partly backed by Goldsland Holdings, a unit of state-owned Guangdong Foreign Trade Group.

Champway plans to build a 29,200 tonne-a-year plant with an investment of over HK$50 million. Capacity can be expanded to 109,500 tonnes with an additional investment of around HK$100 million, Kwan added.

However, it expects to be able to collect only 20 to 30 tonnes of waste oil a day in the short term, around a third of the plant’s initial capacity. It faces keen competition from existing waste oil collectors, which offer to pay restaurants for their oil. Some of this oil is believed to be sold illegally to the mainland to be re-used in cooking.

Kwan suggested that the government designates waste cooking oil as specialised waste that needs to be collected or dumped by licensed operators, in order to eradicate illegal smuggling of waste cooking oil to the mainland. He also said the government could consider allowing restaurants to get reductions on their wastewater discharge fees, if they properly disposed of a certain amount of waste oil properly.

Both Dynamic and Champway will face competition from ASB Biodiesel (Hong Kong), majority owned by the Middle East’s Al Salam Bank-Bahrain and six strategic partners.

ASB expects to complete a 100,000 tonne-a-year bio-diesel plant in an 18,000 square metre site in Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate this year.

The project’s other shareholder is Hednesford, a Hong Kong company headed by Sjouke Postma, a Dutchman who has lived in Hong Kong for over 20 years and has worked on the project’s development for over a decade.

With an investment of US$100 million, the plant will use technology from Austria, which enables it to use multiple feedstocks, including waste cooking oil, grease trap waste, animal fat and palm fatty acid distillate.

Grease traps are plumbing devices that catch grease before kitchen waste water enters municipal sewage systems.

ASB chief executive Tom Uiterwaal said the plant’s output would be sold to both the European and Hong Kong markets.

The proportion of sales in the domestic market will depend on how soon the government implements a mandatory minimum bio-diesel blending policy, he said.

“In Hong Kong, a lot of roadside pollution comes from heavy commercial vehicles which can’t be solved by introducing electric cars. Bio-diesel is a solution to help solve Hong Kong’s air pollution problem.”

In Europe, bio-diesel consumption took off about five years ago due to the blending requirement. Consumption is projected to grow 14.3 per cent this year to 12 million tonnes.

Greens laud Lamma wind farm plan as breath of fresh air

The single turbine wind plant on the Lamma Island since 2006.

The single turbine wind plant on the Lamma Island since 2006.

Hongkong Electric will today announce plans to develop an offshore wind farm close to Lamma Island and will forward an environmental impact assessment for public inspection.

The site chosen for the project is southwest of the island.

Last year, the government gave CLP Power the go-ahead for an offshore wind farm, which may become the largest in Asia. The CLP project, off the Ninepin Islands near Sai Kung, may produce about 1 percent of the territory’s electricity.

Greenpeace senior campaigner Gloria Chang Wan-ki said she is looking forward to receiving details of the Hongkong Electric project. “Greenpeace thinks renewable energy is definitely one way for us to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel and to reduce our carbon footprint. It is a good way to go in combating climate change,” Chang said.

She said it is “a good initiative” for both power companies to plan for wind farms.

However, the government still has not gone far enough to support renewable energy.

“On one hand we have a 1-2 percent renewable target by 2012, a voluntary target which is not legally binding to power companies,” she said.

On the other, electricity pricing also puts fossil fuel costs “unreasonably low,” making the market unfavorable to renewable energy.

She does not think Lamma residents will oppose the wind farm because Hongkong Electric has had a single turbine wind plant on the island since 2006.

“Based on the feedback from the single wind turbine on Lamma, residents there, I think, will welcome another project in their own backyard.”

But Chang said although her group supports wind energy in principle, “we need to take a careful look at the details and the environmental impact assessment.”

She added: “This project is much bigger than a single turbine, so we need to look at other environmental impacts, for example, that on the seabed, scenery and noise.”

Source: HK Standard

Impact on the environment of offshore wind farm

CLP is intented to construct the largest offshore wind farm in the world in Hong Kong.

CLP is intented to construct the largest offshore wind farm in the world in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong (HKSAR) – Following is a question by Hon Mrs Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee and a written reply by the Secretary for the Environment, Mr Edward Yau, in the Legislative Council today (January 13): I have learnt that CLP Power Hong Kong Limited (CLP) intends to construct the largest offshore wind farm in the world at about 10 kilometres east of Clearwater Bay, which will involve 67 wind turbines, each about 135 metres high.In this connection, will the Government inform this Council:

(a) given that the Chief Executive has announced in his 2009-2010 Policy Address that the Ministry of Land and Resources has given approval for Hong Kong Geopark to be listed as a national geopark, which involves eight sites, including the Northeast New Territories Sedimentary Rock Region and the Sai Kung Volcanic Rock Region; and it has been reported that the Hong Kong Government will inject resources to manage the geopark and, with reference to UNESCO’s guidelines and through the State, will apply to the relevant authority for listing the geopark asa world geopark; yet the said wind farm is only three kilometers away from the geopark, whether the Government has studied in-depth the feasibility of having the wind farm constructed at other locations so as to reduce the negative impact on natural scenery and the assessment on the world geopark application to be submitted;

(b) given that it has been reported that the wind farm will be located at the Sai Kung Caldera, which was formed 140 million years ago, and the construction site is also close to the hexagonal rock columns under the sea at Ninepin Group, whether the Government had fully considered the negative impact of the construction of the wind farm on such landscapes when approving the relevant environmental impact assessment report, and whether it had prudently examined comprehensive plans to reduce the impact on local residents and the natural ecological environment during the construction of the wind farm; if it had, of the details; and

(c) whether the Government has fully considered the negative impact of the noise and light pollution created during the operation of the wind farm on migratory birds and marine ecology, as well as the solutions; if it has, of the details?

Reply: President, (a) The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Hong Kong Offshore Wind Farm (HKOWF) conducted by CLP Power Hong Kong Limited (CLP) has taken into account the presence of the nearby Hong Kong Geopark (Geopark).According to the EIA report, given the location of the HKOWF, with mitigation measures in place and using the existing landforms as far as practicable to shield the wind farm turbines from view, landscape and visual impacts could be reduced. To further mitigate the landscape and visual impacts of HKOWF, the Environmental Permit stipulates that CLP shall submit the final layout of the wind farm turbines to the Director of Environmental Protection for approval.The final layout should demonstrate that it has minimised the footprint of the project among the possible alternative layouts, and maximised the distance of the turbines from Ninepin Group and Ung Kong Group. Although developing wind farms can achieve the renewable energy target, the Government will continue examining the potential impacts of HKOWF on seeking the Geopark to be listed as “global geopark”.The approval of the HKOWF EIA report reflects that the report fulfills the regulations and requirements laid down in the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (Cap. 499).However, construction works can commence only if it fulfills all relevant laws and obtains the necessary approvals. In accordance with the Scheme of Control Agreement, the HKOWF investment requires approval by the Government.By then the Government will consider the application from various aspects, including renewable energy policy, impact on electricity tariff, economic benefits, technical factors, site location etc..

(b) The proposed HKOWF is located approximately 9 km east of the Clearwater Bay peninsula and 5km east of South Ninepin Island, over 3km outside the boundary of the Geopark.The EIA report has recommended suction caissons as foundations of the wind farm turbines.The construction method does not require piling, dredging or drilling into the rock layer of seabed, hence it will not cause adverse impact to the seabed of Ninepin Group and the natural environment of the area.Since the selected HKOWF site is far away from residential areas, construction of the HKOWF also will not cause nuisance to the residents.

(c) The EIA study of HKOWF has considered in detail the impact on migratory birds and marine ecology due to sound and light generated during operation of HKOWF.The EIA report points out that the location of HKOWF is not within the travelling path of migratory birds.Operation of wind turbines will therefore not cause adverse impact to birds.Apart from this, the frequency of sound emitted by HKOWF is different from the range capable to be received by most birds; hence the birds will not be affected by the sound.Non-reflective paint will be applied to the mechanic parts of the wind farm turbines to reduce the impact of reflected sunlight to the birds. Regarding marine ecology, the EIA study identifies that in the vicinities of HKOWF, finless porpoises and green turtles are the species deserving more protection. However, the waters of HKOWF are not the main habitat of the finless porpoises and green turtles. It is expected that the sound and light generated by HKOWF will not impose long-term adverse impact to both species.

source: HKSAR

China Unveils World’s Largest Solar Office Building

Solar office building in China.

Solar office building in China.

China is often dubbed as a heavy user of fossil fuels and polluter or a climate killer. Because it meets the 70% of its power needs by exploiting coals. But they are making changes on the environment front too. Slowly and steadily they are choosing wind and solar power as their source of energy. China has earned the distinction of having the world’s largest solar-powered building. It is situated in Dezhou, Shangdong Province in northwest China. The building covers an area of 75,000-square-meter. The office building is modelled after the sun dial structure.

The building provides many services such as space for exhibition centers, scientific research facilities, meeting and training facilities and a sustainable hotel. This building is named as the Sun and the Moon Altar micro-row buildings. The architecture included the Chinese characters for sun and moon. The solar building has a white exterior that represents clean energy.

The clean and green ideas are not confined to the massive solar array only but can be spotted in the whole building complex. They have utilized only 1% of steel to the Bird’s nest. Their advanced roof and wall insulation system consume 30% less energy than the national energy saving standard. The building will be showcased to the whole world during the 4th World Solar City Congress. The building’s pioneering solar energy and power-saving technologies, a few already patented, include a number of technical advancements that will push forward the mass application of solar energy.

The building will procure 95% of its energy needs from alternative energy sources. They have installed a 5000 square meter solar panel array on the building complex. This building also has the facilities of solar hot water, a solar desalination plant and a solar energy theme park.

Dezhou can safely be termed as a solar city because among 5.5 million people living in this city most of them opted for the solar hot water systems. In this city, solar energy is all pervasive. It powers everything from street lighting to tourist cars.

Greenpeace put forth some statistics for this city. According to them, in 2007, 800,000 people in Dezhou had jobs in the solar panel industry. Greenpeace predicts that this figure is expected to grow to 1,500,000 by 2020.

source: http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/

CLP Power can take lead in pollution fight

Can CLP help us by setting up new green traget?

Can CLP help us by setting up new green traget?

The failure of the Copenhagen climate summit to cut a deal to tackle rising temperatures effectively is a sad indictment of leaders’ claims to be taking the matter seriously. In the absence of a unified effort, governments have to implement their own targets and rules to reduce the carbon emissions that are causing global warming.

The chief of Hong Kong’s biggest electricity producer and single largest polluter is right to say the lack of a legally binding treaty is a “real shame” and big disappointment. He should be going a step further by pairing his rhetoric with policies that make his company a shining example for others to follow.

CLP Holdings has a target of a 75 per cent cut in carbon intensity by 2050. It aims to have 20 per cent of its power generated from renewable and nuclear sources by 2020. Goals need to be set and met to fight climate change. They could be considerably more ambitious than those put in place by CLP.

Emissions from the power plants operated by CLP and Hong Kong’s other electricity supplier, Hongkong Electric Holdings, account for the majority of our city’s carbon emissions. Both firms are public companies with shareholders’ interests to protect. But the pollution that comes from the smokestacks of their plants affects the well-being of all citizens.

They have to make every possible effort to keep pollution levels as low as possible. Generating electricity by burning the most polluting fossil fuel of all, coal – as happens at present – is not in Hong Kong’s interests. Power bills are kept low, but the grey pall that hangs overhead threatens and harms our health. Our city’s image is lessened in the eyes of tourists and businesses wanting to locate here or expand.

Alternatives should be used as soon as possible, even at a higher cost. Both electricity providers are making an effort. In CLP’s case, sights are set on new nuclear reactors in Guangdong to complement cleaner energy being produced at its jointly owned plant at Daya Bay. More than 10 per cent of the power coming from its stations across the region is generated from renewable sources other than nuclear – up from 1 per cent five years ago. More gas and oil are being used instead of coal. As the unambitious targets indicate, though, greater effort is needed. The government drives Hong Kong’s policies to cut carbon emissions. It has not set targets, which are of debatable value in the context of a city that has a small area and is prone to the effects of regional pollution.

Officials have a poor track record in environmental protection. Their lack of a popular mandate to govern has made them reluctant to implement laws that affect the companies that contribute to bulging coffers. Authorities need to be pushed into tougher pollution-cutting policies. CLP is perfectly placed to take the lead. By setting an example through taking bigger strides to clean up its operations, it will send a loud and clear message to the government and community.

Electricity charges will most likely be raised, but the cost is worth bearing for the sake of the improvements that will follow.

Source: SCMP

Two million consumers to pay more, but Hongkong Electric tariff frozen

Cheung Chi-fai
9th Dec, 2009

CLP Power (SEHK: 0002) was yesterday given government approval to raise its tariff by 2.6 per cent next year, including the basic tariff, which was adjusted for the first time in 10 years.

But Hongkong Electric (SEHK: 0006)’s charges for next year will be frozen.

The approved increase for more than two million power users in Kowloon and the New Territories triggered fears that it would push up inflation, and raise more questions on the future cost of clean energy.

From January 1 CLP Power’s charge per kilowatt hour will be 91.5 HK cents – 2.3 cents, or 2.6 per cent, higher than the existing 89.2 cents.

The increase includes a 2.6 cent rise in the basic tariff, which is partly offset by a fall in the fuel charge of 0.3 cents made possible by stable prices over the past year.

It means more than 70 per cent of domestic and commercial users will see monthly increases of less than HK$10 and HK$40, respectively.

CLP Power attributed the basic tariff increase to a rise in capital investment on emissions controls, and provision of a replacement gas supply, along with a rise in the cost of raw materials such as copper and aluminium.

“We are seeing in 2010 a slightly higher level of capital expenditure compounded by higher material costs,” Richard Lancaster, CLP Power’s chief operating officer, told the economic development panel yesterday. Lancaster said emissions control projects must be carried out to meet licence requirements, and new gas supplies had to be made ready by 2012 before the existing source from Hainan ran out.

The company is working on a desulphurisation project, and planning new pipelines from Shenzhen to receive natural gas from Central Asia and a LNG terminal.

The company also has to provide about HK$5 billion for power supply infrastructure at new developments such as in Kai Tak. Lancaster said it was the first time in 10 years that the firm had raised its basic tariff, and the new net tariff would still be lower than last year’s level.

Environment secretary Edward Yau Tang-wah said yesterday that while anti-pollution measures at power plants were necessary, they were not the only reasons behind the tariff rise.

He said emissions control accounted for less than a third of the total capital spending of CLP Power, with about a half being spent on power transmission and distribution to new developments.

Hongkong Electric will freeze its tariff at 119.9 cents per kilowatt hour, without changes to either the basic rate or fuel charge.

“We hope this will help the economic recovery of Hong Kong, and minimise the impact on the public,” Tso Kai-sum, its group managing director, said.

However, Tso warned that the company was still under pressure to increase charges, because it had to double its gas use for power generation to 600,000 tonnes next year, and gas was about three times dearer than coal.

A person familiar with the negotiations between the government and the power firms said both companies had originally proposed raising their tariffs by 3-5 per cent. The person said Hongkong Electric would have a greater deficit in its fuel account next year as it expanded its gas intake.

Concerns have been expressed over the cost of increasing gas-fired electricity generation to a half in Hong Kong to improve air quality or mitigate climate change. Hongkong Electric said it needed to build more gas-fired units for this, while CLP Power said that its newly sourced gas supply from the mainland would be more expensive than what it was currently paying.

Meanwhile, legislator Lee Cheuk-yan criticised CLP Power for ignoring the financial difficulties low-income groups faced.

“This is likely to trigger a chain of price increases and the poor, who have not had any pay rises in recent years, are the hardest hit,” the unionist said.

Miriam Lau Kin-yee of the Liberal Party queried if it was justifiable for power firms to pass on all capital spending to consumers.